“The Stock Cove site contains evidence of almost every culture that lived on the island,
with the possible exception of the Norse.”– Chris Wolff, Archaeoligist
Location. Location. Location!!
Good real estate was as important thousands of years ago as it is today—maybe even more so. Bull Arm and the bottom of Trinity Bay had everything—excellent lookouts, sheltered harbours, wood for fire, stone for tools and plenty of food. The preferred dishes were seal, porpoise, seabirds, salmon and small whales.
The area also had a unique feature–a narrow land bridge that could be used to reach the south side of the island and herds of caribou.
Archaeological digs at Stock Cove and Frenchman’s Island have uncovered old fire pits, stone tools, food remains and other proof that people have lived here off and on for over 5,000 years.
Stock Cove is about five kilometres from Centre Cove by sea on the south side of Bull Arm. Several different cultural groups have used or inhabited the area, including Maritime Archaic, Palaeo-Eskimo, Dorset, Recent Indian, Little Passage people and, of course, Europeans. The Little Passage group includes the Beothuk that lived here when Europeans first arrived. The site was used by Europeans in the 1800s; they named it Stock Cove, a reference to stockfish – split, unsalted and dried codfish.
Stock Cove has long been recognized as one of the most important and understudied sites in the region.
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